Kettlebell Sport (Girevoy sport “Гиревой спорт”, rus) is a weight lifting sport performed with kettlebells. Competitive kettlebell lifting has a long history in Russia but started being organised as a standard sport under the name girevoy sport only during the 1960s.
Moves basically follow the Olympic weightlifting scheme, namely snatch (single kettlebell) and jerk (double kettlebells), and also a combination of clean and jerk known as the “long cycle”. Unlike Olympic lifting however, which is performed for one repetition of the highest weight possible, kettlebell lifting involves lifting a fixed weight continuously for the highest number of repetitions in a certain time period. Competition format is usually composed of two categories: biathlon and the long cycle. Biathlon involves the girevik (kettlebell lifter) performing a set of jerks for ten minutes, followed by a set of snatches for ten minutes. Long cycle involves the girevik performing a set of full clean and jerks for ten minutes. Sanctioning bodies require use of 1-pood (16 kg), 1.5-pood (24 kg), and 2-pood (32 kg) competition kettlebells of same size with identifying colors (yellow, green, and red respectively).
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